The Frugal Fiduciary Small Business 401(k) Blog
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We’re fast approaching the end of another calendar year, and for many older Americans, that means it’s time to take a Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) from their 401(k) account. If you participate in a 401(k) plan, you want to understand the RMD rules. Failing to take a RMD can mean stiff tax penalties from the IRS. Understanding the RMD rules can also help you avoid required distributions altogether.
According to AARP, Americans are 15 times more likely to save for retirement when they can do so by payroll deduction through a 401(k) or other employer-sponsored retirement plan. However, while most large businesses – companies with more than 100 employees – sponsor a retirement plan, 51 to 71 percent of small businesses don’t. Because workplace retirement plans make savings – and in turn, a comfortable retirement – dramatically more likely for workers, increasing this percentage is essential.
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In a 2016 401k plan design study of 2,767 small businesses, we found 66% permit participants to make after-tax Roth deferrals to their personal account. I think it’s safe to assume the high adoption rate of this 401k plan feature is due to participant demand.
401k plans offer important tax advantages for small businesses and their employees. If you are a business owner, you should understand these benefits when deciding whether or not to offer a 401k plan to your employees. Too many businesses focus on “what is this going to cost me,” rather than, “what are the benefits?” While we strongly recommend always speaking with your accountant on the topic of taxes, here is a high-level summary of the tax benefits possible by offering a 401k plan.
Saving for retirement is one of the most important things we must do during our working years. After all, nobody can work forever and living expenses don’t stop after you stop earning a paycheck. And yet too many of us aren’t saving enough for retirement. Why is that? For workers that can afford to save, I think the number one reason is the inability to cut through the complexities of saving and investing. Today, workers must answer complicated questions to successfully participate in a 401k plan. I believe these questions scare a lot of workers away from giving their savings enough thoughtful consideration.
Most people consider $100,000 a lot of money – I do anyway. But is it a lot of money when you’re saving for retirement? The short answer is it depends upon how old you are. A 30 year-old with a $100,000 nest egg is likely on track for a comfortable retirement at age 65 if they’re saving 10%-15% of their income each year, while a 50 year-old with the same nest egg is likely behind in their savings and will need to save much more each year to catch-up in order to retire at 65.